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S-Boats in the Kriegsmarine 1935 - 1945

Allied Sales of KM-S-Boats and Developments

 

The Soviets included the 30 S-boats of their war-loot and possibly four almost completed new constructins of the Schlichting Shipyard, Construction-Nr.1229 ("S 229"), Construction-Nr.1230 ("S 230"), Construction-Nr.1231 ("S 231") and Construction-Nr.1232 ("S 232"), which had been towed to the Pötenitz Bay end of April or early May and fell into the hands of the Soviets into their fleet and sailed them until the 1960ties.

The two West-Allied (USA: 32 and GB: 31 loot-boats) treated their loot totally differently: 

England  sold most of the boats for demolition; the Royal Navy took over only the boats "S 19" as target-ship, "S 83" for GMSA at Cuxhaven, "S 130" as "FBB 5130", "S 208" as "FPB 5208" and "212" as "FPB 5212". Boats "S 130" and "S 208" sailed later in the BBFPS (the so-called Group Klose) and were handed over to the Bundesmarine in 1956. Sold to private was "S 67" as "Torüs" and one other boat (no. not known) as "Rugmos", to Denmark "S 115" as "T 46", which were only used as a sparepart-store, and "S 207" as "T 61", later "Skaden", as well as to Norway "S 196" as a sparepart-store, which were sold in 1951 to Denmark.

The USA transferred boats "S 218" and "S 706" to America as testvehicles, sold "S 701" to private as "Mijn Vrijbuiter" (H. Platenga, Amsterdam, further wherabouts unknown), and 12 boats 1947 to Denmark as well as 15 to Norway 

Use of the former KM-boats in the Royal Norwegian Navy

Out of the 15 boats bought from the Allies 10 were modernized and used until 1951 as follows:

Dt. Nr. Name DK-Name/Demolition Hull-No.
S 10 - 1950 -
S 21 - 1950 -
S 27 - 1950 -
S 48 - 1950 -
S 64 Lyn Stormfuglen P 562
S 76 Tarva Target-boat -
S 85 Storm Tranen P 564
S 98 Kvikk 45/46 stranded -
S 117 Tross Hejren P 566
S 174 Rap 1950 -
S 195 Kjekk Lommen P 567
S 196 - - -
S 210 Snaar 45/46 stranded -
S 302 Blink Falken P 565
S 303 Brand Taarnfalken P 563

 The boats "Kvikk" and "Snaar" were so badly damaged by the stranding at Østøya that they were demolished. They were stricken from the list of Norwegian warships only in 1950. The boats "S 10" to "S 48" until then only used as sparepart-stores and "Rap" (ex "S 174") were demolished 1950, boat "Tarva" (ex "S 76") was canibalized and used as a target-ship until the 70ties. The other boats in service of the Norwegian Navy and the sparepart-store (ex "S 196") were sold to Denmark in 1951.

Use  of the former KM-boats in the Royal Danish Navy (Søværnet)

Of the 14 boats bought from the Allies 12 were modernized (furnishment with radars) and constituded until 1951 the "T51"-class (1947 - 1951).

German No. Name/Marking Name 1951 Hull-No.
S 15 T 15*) - -
S 68 T 62 Viben P 568
S 79 T 58 Musvaagen P 558
S 97 T 60 Ravnen P 560
S 107

T 52

Gribben P 552
S 115 - **) - -
S 127 T 56 Isfuglen P 556
S 133 T 54 Hærfuglen P 554
S 197 T 59 Raagen P 559
S 206 T 55 Høgen P 555
S 207 T 61 Skaden P 561

S 216

T 53 Havørnen P 553
S 305 T 57 Jagtfalken P 557
S 306 T 51 Glenten

P 551

*) thought marking, but was at disposition of the school at Kopenhagen.

**) served only as afloating  sparepart-store for the other MTBs of the class. 

In the year 1951 the boats of the  "T51"-class and the six boats bought from Norway "Lyn", "Storm", "Tross", "Kjekk", "Blink" and "Brand" were modernized and combined to the new "Glenten"-class (1952 - 1965).

"T52" (ex S 107")

 

Number Name German No. Launched Commissioned

Decommissioned

P 551 Glenten (ex T 51) S 306 10/10/1944 01/11/1947 27/02/1961
P 552 Gribben (ex T 52) S 107 06/07/1941 15/04/1948 25/04/1960
P 553 Havørnen (ex T 53) S 216 27/12/1944 19/11/1948 06/06/1957
P 554 Hærfuglen (ex T 54) S 133 31/12/1941 21/03/1949 06/10/1954
P 555 Høgen (ex T 55) S 206 31/08/1944

28/03/1949

04/09/1957
P 556 Isfuglen (ex T 56) S 127 10/07/1943 08/07/1949 06.10.1954
P 557 Jagtfalken (ex T 57) S 305 03/10/1944 08/07/1949 01/05/1962
P 558 Musvaagen (ex T 58) S 79 27/06/1942 15/07/1950 06/10/1954

P 559

Raagen (ex T 59) S 197 10/07/1944 01/11/1949

06/06/1957

P 560 Ravnen (ex T 60) S 97 24/03/1943 10/01/1953 01/05/1962
P 561 Skaden (ex T 61) S 207 19/09/1944 07/10/1950 25/04/1960
P 562 Stormfuglen (ex Lyn) S 64 02/11/1941 08/10/1953 20/10/1962
P 563 Taarnfalken (ex Brand) S 303 18/09/1944 12/05/1952 06/06/1957

P 564

Tranen (ex Storm) S 85 07/10/1942 03/11/1955 26/04/1963
P 565 Falken (ex Blink) S 302 14/09/1944

07/02/1953

17/07/1961
P 566 Hejren (ex Tross) S 117 08/08/1942 05/01/1956 28/12/1964

P 567

Lommen (ex Kvikk)

S 195 28/06/1944 21/04/1953 04/09/1961
P 568 Viben (ex T 62) S 68 01/07/1942 03/11/1955 13/09/1965

--DAD

P 551 - "Glenten" (ex "T51", ex "S 306") - Picture: Søværnet

The boats had the measurements: Length = 34,94 m, beam = 5,28 m, draft = 1,67 m at a displacement of 100 resp. 117 t. The complement consisted of 21 men. 

 Since the boats were of KM-types "S 38" and "S 100" they had different propulsion plants what resulted in different maximum speeds and actonradii. Also they had different artillery-weapons. 

 

Number Name Ex Propulsion Power

Max. Speed

P 551 Glenten (ex T 51) S 306 3xMB 518 3x3000 HP 45 kts
P 552 Gribben (ex T 52) S 107 3xMB 501 3x2000 HP 38,5 kts
P 553 Havørnen (ex T 53) S 216 3xMB 511 3x2500 HP 42 kts
P 554 Hærfuglen (ex T 54) S 133 3xMB 501 3x2000 HP 38,5 kts
P 555 Høgen (ex T 55) S 206 3xMB 511

3x2500 HS

42 kts
P 556 Isfuglen (ex T 56) S 127 3xMB 501 3x2000 HP 38,5 kts
P 557 Jagtfalken (ex T 57) S 305 3xMB 518 3x3000 HS 45 kts
P 558 Musvaagen (ex T 58) S 79 3xMB 501 3x2000 HP 38,5 kts

P 559

Raagen (ex T 59) S 197 3xMB 511 3x2500 HP

42 kts

P 560 Ravnen (ex T 60) S 97 3xMB 501  3x2000 HP 38,5 kts
P 561 Skaden (ex T 61) S 207 3xMB 511 3x2500 HP 42 kts
P 562 Stormfuglen (ex Lyn) S 64 3xMB 501 3x2000 HP 38,5 kts
63 Taarnfalken (ex Brand) S 303 3xMB 518 3x3000 HP 45 kts

P 564

Tranen (ex Storm) S 85 3xMB 501 3x2000 HP 38,5 kts
P 565 Falken (ex Blink) S 302 3xMB 518

3x3000 HP

45 kts
P 566 Hejren (ex Tross) S 117 3xMB 501 3x2000 HP 38,5 kts

P 567

Lommen (ex Kvikk)

S 196 3xMB 511 3x2500 HP 42 kts
P 568 Viben (ex T 62) S 68 3xMB 501 3x2000H S 38,5 kts

With the second modernisation in 1955 all boats were fitted with Mercedes Benz Motoren MB 518 with  3000 hp each and a standard weaponfit, i.e. a 40 mm M/48 LvSa on the quarterdeck and a 20 mm M/39 LvSa on the forecastle. Also the got a artillery-director on a new superstructure. The rigid life-rafts were replaced by the "Viking" inflatable life-rafts in 1955.

 

../

Ex German S-Boats upon arrival at in Kopenhagen - Picture from: R. Steen Steensen: "Vore Topedobaade i 75 aar"

T 52 (ex S 107), since 1951: "Gribben", P 552 - Picture from: R. Steensen: "Vore Topedobaade i 75 aar
T 53 (ex S 216), sdince 1951: "Havørnen", P 566 - Picture: L. Alring, Kongelig Dansk Marine
"Glenten", P 551 (ex S 306) -Picture: Flemming Barsdorf (Archiv Orlogsmuseum Kopenhagen)
"Havørnen", P 553 (ex 216) løber ind til Rønne - Picture: N.C. Pihl (Forsvarsmuseet Rønne)

T 55 (ex S 206), since 1951 "Høgen", P 555 - Picture: Wright and Logan

"Isfuglen", P 556 (ex S 127) - Picture: Søren Laub (Archives Orlogsmuseum Kopenhagen)
"Ravnen" P 560 (ex S 97) - Picture: Archives Förderverein
"Skaden", P 561 (ex S 207)- Pidture: Ukown (Archives Orlogsmuseum Kopenhagen)

"Stormfuglen" P 562 (ex S 64, ex KNoN "Lyn")  - Picture: Archives Orlogsmuseum Kopenhagen

"Lommen", P 567 (ex S 195) - Picture: Archives Orlogsmuseum Kopenhagen

P 551 "Glenten" (ex S 306), P 554 "Hærfuglen" (ex S 133),  P 553 "Havørnen" (ex S 216), P 556 "Isfuglen" (ex S 127), P 557 "Jagtfalken" (ex.S 305) and two unknown boats; i the background Minelayer N 40 "Laaland" - Picture: Archives R. Hansen

The Danish Navy (Søværnet) was adverticing with a boat of "Glenten"-class to join as an officer-candidate.

A fresh life - a future - become Naval-Officer

Whereabouts of the Boats of "Glenten"-Class

Name Number ex Whereabouts
Glenten P 551 S 306 1961 broken up
Gribben P 552 S 107 1960 sold to brake up
Havørnen P 553 S 216 1957 sold to shipowners Sundfarten, 1958 broken up
Hærfuglen P 554 S 133 1961 broken up
Høgen P 555 S 206 1957 collision in Gr. Belt, sunken, salvaged, broken up
Isfuglen P 556 S 127 1955 broken up
Jagtfalken  P 557 S 305 1966 broken up
Musvaagen P 558 S 79 1955 broken up
Raagen P 559 S 197 1959 filled up with sand as a wavebreaker for Humlebæk, but sunken ahead of the time
Ravnen P 560 S 97 1963 sold to Windway Marine Service, Cardiff, 2004 broken up
Skaden P 561 S 207 1960 broken up
Stormfuglen P 562 S 64 1965 broken up
Taarnfalken P 563 S 303 1957 sold to shipowners Sundfarten, 1958 broken up
Tranen P 564 S 85  1964 broken up
Falken P 565 S 302 1965 sold to Baron v. Waynaghy, laid up at Kiel, 1973 broken up
Hejren P 566 S 117 1965 broken up
Lommen P 567 S 195 1965 sold to Baron v. Waynaghy, laid up at Kiel, 1973 broken up
Viben P 568 S 68 1966 broken up

 

 

Falken (ex-S 302) and Lommen (ex S-195) laid up in the Harbour of Kiel - Picture: Archives R. Hansen
Lommen (ex S 195) at the Kiel Fishery-Harbour- Picture: Peter Dewitz
Lommen and Jagtfalken at a Kiel Scrap Yard 1973 - Picture from: Augsburger Allgemeine

In preparation for the "Flyvefisken"-Class P 566 "Hejren" was fitted for test-reasons with swivel-torpedo-tubes in 1955.

P 566 "Hejren" with swivel-torpedo-tubes fitted in the 50ties - Picture: Archives R. Hansen

As replacement for the Danish "Glenten"-Class boats with help of Lürssen-Shipyard the the further developed "Flyvefisken"-Class came to be also on basis of the WWII-boats of type  "S 100".

 

The Danish development - the "Flyvefisken"-Class (1954 - 1974)

Because of the good experiences made with with the boats of the „Glenten“-Class DEnmark was building a new class of boats at the Danish stateowned shipyards, Orlogsværftet, Kopenhagen, and Frederiksund-Værftet, ion the basis of Lürssen-plans with a more slanted bow and little more beam under the name „Flyvefisken“-Class. Three of the units were paid for by the USA.

 

Number Name Lauched Commissioned Decommissioned
P 500 FLYVEFISKEN 11.05.1954 12.11.1954 30.08.1974
P 501 HAJEN 15.09.1954 08.02.1955 30.08.1974
P 502 HAVKATTEN 05.11.1954

01.06.1955

30.08.1974
P 503 LAXEN 12.11.1954 12.05.1955 30.08.1974 
P 504 MAKRELEN 20.01.1955

07.07.1955

30.08.1974
P 505 SVÆRDFISKEN 05.04.1955 14.09.1955 30.08.1974

P 500 - "Flyvefisken" - Picture: Søværnet

The boats measured as follows: Length = 35,90 m, beam = 5,50 m, draft = 2,10 m, and a displacement of 132,2 t. The were propelled by three Mercedes Benz MB 518 B with 3000 hp each on three shafts and developed a maximum speed of 42,8 kn; the actionradius was 760 nm at a speed of 32 knots.

The armament consisted of 1 x 40mm M/48 LvSa in the rear and 1 x 20 mm M/42 LvSa on the forecastle and two rocket-launchers for flares on the sides of the 40 mm gun as well as two bow-torpedotubes 53,3 cm with two spare-torpedoes on deck behind them. Additionally they had mine-tracks on the quarterdeck.

in spite of the hint for additional torpedo-tubes at Fock: S-Boote Vol. 3 page 124 creting the impression that the boats were fittd with those, the Danish Navy limited itself to the solution with two bow-tubes and spare-torpedoes behind them. 

 

Development from "Flyvefisken"-Class - the "Falken"-Class (1962 - 1978)

As replacement for the boats of the "Flyvefisken"-class acted from 1962 on four new constructions by Orlogsværftet, Kopenhagen, the "Falken"-Class. Originally eight units were planned, however, the number had to be reduced due to cost reasons. Two units were paid for by the USA.

 

The hull of these units reminds of the hull of teh German "Eismöwe“-Class.

Number

Name

Launched

Commissioned

Decommissioned

P 506

FALKEN

19.12.1961

04-10.1962

1978

P 507

GLENTEN

15.03.1962

15.12.1962

1977

P 508

GRIBBEN

18.07.1962

26.04.1963

1978

P 509

HØGEN

04.10.1962

06.06.1963

1977

 

P 506 - "Falken" - Picture: Søværnet

 

Teh boats had teh following measurements: Length = 36,34 m, beam = 5,42 m, draft = 2,08 m at a displacement of 132,5 t. Teh boats were propelled by three MTU dieselengines with 3000 hp each on three shafts. The maximum speed was 43,1 knot and the actionsradius was 640 nm at 36,2 knots.

 

The armament consisted of 1 x 40 mm M/48 K LvSa in the rear and 1 x 20 mm M/42 LvSa on the forecastle as well as two rocketlaunchers for flares at the sides of the 40 mm gun. The boats had four torpedotubes and mine-tracks on the quarterdeck.

Two boats were decommissioned in 1977 the other two in 1978.