|British Baltic Fishery Protection Service|
British Baltic Fishery Protection Service (BBFPS)
Unit Klose (S-Boats 1948 - 1956)
The British Secret Service commenced 1948 to collect information of the Sovietunion via the Baltic coast. It acquired Kapt.Lt. a.D. (LtCdr. ret.) H.H. Klose, who had gained experience about this sea area and about the attitude of Soviet naval officers during Wold War II as Commander 2. S-Boat-Training-Flottilla.
To accomplish this task the Royal Navy made available to him the war loot "S 208". The crew he could put together at his discretion. He and his handselected crew were released by the Minesweeping Organization.The boat was taken over at Gosport. It had been retrofitted in Britsh shipyards for long range operations and at the same time optimized for higher speed and weaker motornoises during "silent voyages".
"S 208" under the White Ensign - Picture: Archives S. Hess
In April 1949 the first operation to land agents in the Baltic countries took place. Other operations followed, on 01. November 1949 two agents were landed near Windau (Ventspils) and on 12 April 1950 three agents were landed south of the lighthouse Uzava. The fourth landing of agents followed in November or December 1950. Two agent werde landed, one agent returned and a "Mole" was picked up.
"S 208" leaving Rønne/Bornholm - Picture: Bornholm Museum Collection Erik Pedersen
All Operations up to this point were based on Gosport. Flying the crew back and forth and the transit via Northsea and Baltic Sea was considered as too awkward and thus "S 208" was stationed in the Finkenwerder Yachtclub. The crew was accommodated in a barack.
Kptlt. H.H. Klose and his handselected Crew "S 208" - Picture: Archives S. Hess
Chart with Recconnaisssance-Targets and Landing Positions of BBFPS - Picture: Archives S. Hess
"S 208" leaving Rønne/Bornholm - Picture: Bornholm Museum Collection Erik Pedersen
The picking-up of returning agents and of "Moles" which had to leave the SU, was alway carried out using the zodiac. At the same time the orders were to record and to reconnoitre soviet radar- and communication-sites with equipment especially built in for this purpose. The boats were fitted with additional 12m high masts which could be erected and were equipped with antennas and american electronic support means.
Erection of additional Antennas on "S 208" for electronic recconnaissancer - Picture: Archives S. Hess
Additional Antennas on "S 208" - Picture: Archives S. Hess
H.H. Klose with RearAdm (ret.) Wagner on the bridge of a S-boat
The fifth landing was performed in April 1951 south of the lighthouse Uzava. Four agents were landes. From 28. to 29. September 1951 the sixth landing followed. Four agents were landed and two picked up thereof on KGB-"Mole".
The modernized zodic was equipped with an outboarder and a radio-beakon, so that the boat could keep a larger distance to the coast.
Zodiac with Radio-Beacon and Outboarder during an Exercise - Picture: Archives S. Hess
The Compas of the Zodiac - Picture: Archives S. Hess
The seventh landing-operation took place on 20. April 1952 in a bight south of th e lighthouse Uzava. The bight was laying in the radar-shadow of the soviet radarstation. Again four agents were landed and two were picked up.
Since the reconnaissancetasks were widened the British Admiralty released the war-loot "FPB 5230" for the BBFPS. "S 130" was brought to Lürssenwerft, where it was reconstructed for the purposes of the BBFPS.
On 19. March 1951 the British Baltic Fishery Protection Service (BBFPS) was formed. This camouflage organization got "S 208" and also the war loot "S 130" at its disposal. The dispersal of th Minesweepingforce Cuxhaven allowed for additional 17 men for the BBFPS. The camouflage as fishery protection allowed for regular voyages into the Baltic whrer German fischermen saw themselves confronted with increasing Soviet reprisals.
"S 130" on slip at Vegesack August 1953 - Picture: Archives S. Hess
"S 130" on slip at Vegesack August 1953 - Picture: Archives: S. Hess
Crew of "S 130" in Rønne-Harbour - Picture: Archives S. Hess
"S 130" was commisioned on 14. August 1952. Commanding Officer became the Executive Officer of "S 208", Oblt.z.S. E.G. Müller. The eequipment with electronic devices was performed in England. End of September the boat transitted to the Baltic Sea were it was to undertake an exercise periode before it was to be part of the eighth landing.
"S 208" sailed to Gosport and trained the transfer of agents by gasfilled balloons in the Lyme Bay. By this transfer mode the distance of the boat to the coast could be enlarged and the transfer of the agents could be performed at any position.
A Balloon is filled with Gas for Transfer of Agents - Picture: Archives S. Hess
On the evening of 20. October 1952 "S 208" landed eight Polish agents presumably to reenforce a Polish underground organization. The landed in the area of Stolpmünde. The ninth landing took place on 29. October 1952 with the zodiac in the area of Polangen at the coast of Lithuania.
Crew "S 130" in the Harbour of Rønne/Bornholm - Picture: Archives S. Hess
In late fall up to the winter "S 208" and "S 130" performed reconnaissance trips from Cape Arkona into the Bight of Danziger and from Brüsterort tothe Straits of Irben. Five to tn meters distance between the boats made a good basis for electronic reconnaissance.
During th enight of 26. to 27. May 1953 the tenth landing was carried out, this time again using the balloon. Since there were very strong winds with squalls it was a very risky situation. Therefore, the landings utilizing balloons were abandoned and the eleventh (11. September 1953) and the twelfth operation (end of March 1954) were again carried out using the zodiac. During the twelfth operation th agent "Hugo" returned to the west.
In February 1952 the German Ministry of Internal had ordered the safety boats "S 1" through "S 3" for the newly established Bundesgrenzschutz See (Federal Border Force Sea). Since the planned for speed of 43 knots was in contradiction of the Potsdam Treaty which did not permit Germany to build or to operate S-boats, the construction was forbidden by the Military Security Authority (MSA) of the British Occupying Force. From spring 1953 the construction was continued for the Royal Navy.
"S 208" and "Silver Gull" in one of the locks of the Kiel Kanal
Besause of several incidents it was assumed that there were a traitor in the lines of the "woodbrothers", a revolutionary organization, therefore, the landings were transferred to the coast of Lithuania after the thirteenth action (28./29. September 1954). The fourteenth landing took place on 20. November 1954 and the fifteenth on 21. April 1955 on Ösel (Saaremaa). During the landings on Ösel iin each case one agent was landed and one was picked up. Since treason could not be excluded, this was at the same time the last commando action of Klose, who had performed all deployments himself either with "S 208" or with "Silver Gull". Thre other boats had always been used for diversionary tactics.
Boat "S 2" had been commissioned under command of H.H. Klose as "Silver Gull". Boat "S 1" was commissioned on 15.12.1955 as "Storm Gull" under E.G. Müller. Boat "S 3", "Wild Swan", was commissioned early 1955 under Oblt.z.S. D. Ehrhardt. In February during a reconnaissance operation it was taken under fire by a Russian boat. It took hits but nobody was injured.
"Storm Gull" flying the White Ensign in the Baltic - Picture: Archives S. Hess
"Wild Swan" in Christiansø - Picture: Archives Freundeskreis Schnellboote und Korvetten
"S 208" at Rønne - Picture: Archives Förderverein Museums-Schnellboot
"S 208" at high speed in the Baltic Sea - Picture: Archives Förderverein
Early 1956 the actions of BBFPS were concluded. On 28.03.1956 all three new boats were handed over to the Bundesmarine and commissioned as "Silbermöwe" (P 6052), "Sturmmöwe" (P 6053) and "Wildschwan" (P 6054) for the "Schnellboot-Schoolsquadron". Commanding Officer of the squadron became the just promoted Korvettenkapitän H.H. Klose.
Change of Colours at Stickenhörn on 28.03.1956 - Picture: Archives S. Hess
HAnding over of the boats by Cdr Kyrle-Pope - Picture Archives S. Hess
Boats "S 130" and "S 208" were overhauled at Fr. Lürssen-Werft and commissioned as "UW 10" on 07.03.1957 respectively as "UW 11" on 12.03.1957 for the Underwaterweapons School (MUWS).
"UW 10" (ex "S 130" and "UW 11" (ex "S 208") at Navalbase Flensburg-Mürwik - Picture: Archives Förderverein
of Boats S 130 and S 208